Posts tagged art
Virtual Art Tackles Climate Change, History and the Struggle for Accessibility

The following article takes us through Nancy Baker Cahill's public art project "Defining The Line," currently on display at fix points along the Los Angeles River. In reading it, however, we were moved not just by the depth of what the project explores (hard hitting topics like redevelopment, gentrification, environmental issues,  and  untold Native histories) but by how the very medium used (Augmented Reality) brings to light questions of accessibility. Public art projects are generally large-scale and require substantial fundraising on top of bureaucratic permissions to be installed, but once they are up, they are accessible to all who are able to see them. When public art projects are done using Augmented Reality, these costs and barriers are significantly reduced, making them more likely to be completed, but only available to those who have the necessary technology. So this leaves us wondering which, if any, of these paths for public art is the more democratic one.

Carolina Caycedo's "Curative Mouth" is part of "Defining Line," a series of immersive AR artworks placed at points along the L.A. River. (Carolina Caycedo)

Carolina Caycedo's "Curative Mouth" is part of "Defining Line," a series of immersive AR artworks placed at points along the L.A. River. (Carolina Caycedo)

How virtual art appearing along the L.A. River tackles gentrification, immigration and environmental issues

By ANNA FURMAN        NOV 02, 2018 | 6:15 PM

Recently, a gleaming white monorail car blazed over the Los Angeles River at the Spring Street bridge. Materializing via augmented and virtual reality technology, the artwork is invisible to the naked eye — accessible only on the artist-made app 4th wall, which is free to download on a smartphone.

The digital drawing kicks off “Defining Line,” a series of more than eight immersive artworks opening to the public on Nov. 4. Placed at distinct points along the L.A. River, the works deal with urban redevelopment, environmental issues, untold Native histories and patterns of gentrification.

Conceived by artist Nancy Baker Cahill as a public art project, the artworks resist easy categorization as site-specific installations that make use of augmented and virtual reality technology. While researching transit systems that were proposed but never implemented, the co-curator and artist Debra Scacco, 42, uncovered an archival drawing from 1954 of a monorail system that would bisect the city. She resurrected the sketch as a digital drawing, visible in daylight and at night.

Beatriz Cortez, "Bowtie Project," Placed at distinct points along the L.A. river, the works deal with urban redevelopment, environmental issues, untold Native histories, and patterns of gentrification. (Beatriz Cortez / Beatriz Cortez)

Beatriz Cortez, "Bowtie Project," Placed at distinct points along the L.A. river, the works deal with urban redevelopment, environmental issues, untold Native histories, and patterns of gentrification. (Beatriz Cortez / Beatriz Cortez)

“There’s a reason why highways are placed where they are, why trains run above or below ground in certain places,” Scacco explains. “I want more than anyone for L.A. to be more connected, but we have to address that there’s human impact to these infrastructure projects.”

If she were to create a physical iteration of the piece, Scacco would need to raise significant funding, hire a large team, and navigate a series of bureaucratic challenges. (In comparison, a 2016 public art project of sculptural works and projects in and nearby the L.A. River was made possible by a million-dollar award from Bloomberg’s philanthropic arm.) But the VR project was more approachable.

“We’re really activating sites along the river that people wouldn’t think of as sites of cultural significance,” Cahill says, “and asking them to think about histories that have been untold.” Unlike physical artworks, installing virtual artworks leaves no carbon footprint.

The artist Beatriz Cortez, 47, installed twin sculptures at the Hammer Museum and in Glassell Park. Tzolk’in, a steel pyramid that reimagines an ancient Mayan agricultural calendar, will be removed from its site at Bowtie project on the L.A. river in the coming weeks, but its virtual counterpart will live on in the app. According to Cortez, working in virtual reality allowed her to consider warped chronologies and simultaneity. In another iteration, Cortez placed Tzolk’in in Parque Viveros, Mexico, marking the site where, in May 2018, Claudia Gómez González was killed by a U.S. Border Patrol Agent while attempting to cross the Rio Grande river.

“There are so few large works by women artists in public space,” Cortez says, so this project also empowered a wider range of local artists to collaborate.

Nova Jiang, "Cartographer." (Nova Jiang / Nova Jiang)

Nova Jiang, "Cartographer." (Nova Jiang / Nova Jiang)

“To me, the L.A. river is an important symbol of the way the industrialization of Los Angeles has destroyed the environment and many of our homes,” Cortez, who lives in Highland Park, says. She created the work with pedestrians, both people and animals, in mind. “We all have concrete backyards instead of green areas.” In addition to Scacco and Cortez’s projects there are works by social historians and artists, including Carolina Caycedo, Andrea Chung, Nova Jiang, Star Montana, Gala Porras-Kim, and Tongva elder Julia Bogany and her great granddaughter Marissa Bogany.

“It’s a subversive project,” Cahill explains. “It doesn’t rely on permissions from institutions or on the institutions themselves. It exists outside of that.” Her vision to work outside conventional art spaces resonated with this particular group of artists. “I want the work that I make to move very far beyond gallery walls,” Scacco says.

“Defining Line” is an extension of “Coordinates,” a worldwide project that includes site-specific virtual works at the Statue of Liberty in New York, the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt, and along the U.S./Mexico border in Tijuana. As Cahill explains, “a piece that might mean one thing in a white cube, will mean something entirely different over the Rio Grande or Liberty Island.”

On Sept. 28, the day after Christine Blasey Ford testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee, Cahill placed a provocative drawing of a twisted female torso on the steps of the U.S. Supreme Court with the all-caps text, UNPROTECTED. “I really interpret the body as a site of struggle and resistance,” Cahill says. “So I’ve been seeking an immersive experience for the viewer. I want to provoke an empathic, embodied reaction.”

“Our democracy is unprotected and under siege,” she continues. “And I think our bodies are under siege.”

She has installed virtual works in Las Vegas, at the site of the October 2017 shootings, and scattered throughout Los Angeles. In installing artworks on government sites, but virtually, she circumvents legal ramifications.

“I’m not interested in bureaucracy,” she explains. “I’m interested in action. And there’s an urgency to this moment. We have a crisis going on.”

While virtual art has sometimes elicited eye rolling reactions from art critics and curators, projects like Cahill’s 4th Wall show that the medium can apply the language of fine art to new media with subversive ends. The artist highlights that if VR/AR technology continues to enable “hyper-violent, militaristic, or pornographic [images], we allow it to be dominated by themes that don't contribute thoughtfully to culture,” Cahill explains.

“As artists, if we don't offer dynamic, thought-provoking alternatives, we cede that territory to commercial entities, likely unconcerned with the cultural consequences of their actions.”


Opens Nov. 4, For iPhone 6s or higher, Android devices with ARCore, and iPads.


With the Midterm Elections freshly behind us, we are excited and hopeful for the unprecedented number of women elected to the United States Congress. They are not only numerous, but progressive and diverse. This is an exciting time, and anyone who has been following American politics closely knows that this accomplishment was very hard won. The battle was uphill all the way, not just in facing a gerrymandered map but in simply pushing back against years of entrenched sexism. This got us thinking about how boundaries like that get broken. We remembered coming across an article that talks about coaching women in leadership and activism in the arts. We want to give it a shout out here, because we think leadership canbe taught, and though politics is very of the moment, it's good to remember that leadership needsto be accessible to women across all disciplines and areas of life.


Coaching Women in Art Careers on Leadership, Diversity, and Activism

Newly appointed ArtTable executive director Jessica Porter talks softball and women playing hardball in a male-dominated art world.

By Angela M.H. Schuster On July 24, 2018

It has been 38 years since 12 prominent art-world women met over dinner at Peng’s Noodle Folk Chinese restaurant in New York City, an event at which the concept for ArtTable—an organization dedicated to fostering female leadership in the visual arts—began to crystalize. In the years since, the select and somewhat secretive society has grown, albeit gradually. Today, ArtTable’s membership roll numbers more than 1,400 nationally, and the organization has launched a suite of initiatives aimed at supporting its members—curators, dealers, educators, art advisors, and museum directors—at all stages of their careers, as well as nurturing the next generation through a robust mentorship program.

Muse recently met with Jessica Porter, ArtTable’s newly appointed executive director, to talk leadership and career development for women in the arts.

What sparked your interest in art?

When I was a kid, I wanted to speak every language on the planet and thought that I would have a career in languages. I had a French teacher in high school who used to teach us about art in French. I learned about art, really for the first time, from my French teacher. When I was learning architectural terms, I was learning them in French. It just seemed so amazing and so interesting. I ended up declaring as a language major when I went to college and then decided to switch to art history. I did a double major in art history and French, with a minor in Japanese because I really loved studying Japanese.

I eventually went on to law school at University of Maryland. It was while I was in law school that I spent a summer working with Diane Gelon, a lawyer in London, who used to work with Judy Chicago in the 1970s. And she really filled in my lack of knowledge of the art world for women artists. Keep in mind that I was in an art history program at a time when they weren’t teaching a lot about women artists. We would be talking in the office and she’d ask, “Do you know so and so?” I’d be like, “No.” She’d be like, “Okay, you’re going to go to this gallery. You’re going to leave early, you’re going to go here at this museum, and tomorrow we’re going to talk about what you saw.” I had this amazing experience working with someone who was taking the time to fill in this gap in my art-history knowledge even though I was in her office as an intern to work in law. It was the most amazing summer, both for art and law. She just really helped me put everything into a bigger perspective and showed me how a law degree would help me no matter what I did. And, I must say, it has, even though I have chosen art over law as a career, the degree has helped me navigate a lot of challenging terrain.


How did you become involved with ArtTable and, as of July 1, come to be its executive director?

I had been on the board of ArtTable for four years, and a member of the organization for eight. When the position opened up, I jumped at it, because in many ways, it is what I’ve been working toward career-wise throughout my life. I love this organization, I love what it does, and I wanted to be a bigger part of it. So much of my background has been in supporting women and girls in leadership roles.

I owned a commercial gallery, Porter Contemporary, for 11 years, which was amazing, but as I’m sure you know, having a commercial gallery is challenging anywhere, especially now in New York. Not long after opening the gallery in 2006, I started a networking group for women—not only in art, but across industries—who got together once a month for dinner and to talk about what they were doing, to discuss issues that were happening in their work life, and to get advice from each other. I confess I started the networking group largely out of enlightened self-interest because I felt like I personally needed the support. After I closed the gallery, I became the executive director of Artist Equity, which is a membership organization for artists.

Beyond the art world, I happen to be involved in other organizations supporting women. For quite a number of years, I have coached girls’ softball every spring. Sports provide a great opportunity for leadership and confidence building. Softball in particular was an important part of my life growing up and I have seen its transformative power—the amazing growth in confidence it instills. I coach 10-year-old girls, and when they first come into the program, they are often nervous, not knowing people, awkward about their abilities. Before you know it, they’re hitting the ball, catching the ball, and become really proud of the fact that they’ve learned something, which is particularly important at that formative age. I’ve also been on the board of the Girl Scouts for quite a number of years.


ArtTable has managed to grow despite having cultivated an image of exclusivity.  

The quality of women in this organization is exceptionally high, by design. And, I think in the past, ArtTable has definitely had this mystery about it. You have to have five years’ leadership experience in the arts to join. And I know of women who were like, “Do I have five years?” Counting the days. And you had to have to have two members of ArtTable recommend you. That’s how it was when I joined. I remember asking around trying to find two people. Since you couldn’t access the membership directory, you couldn’t see if there was anyone you knew who could sponsor you. We’ve loosened that latter requirement up a little bit. If you meet the five-year criteria and have had a leadership role in a gallery, museum, or other cultural institution or enterprise, you can become a member by simply reaching out to us. We used to also only review membership applications once a month. Now we’re doing it on a rolling basis. In the past, applicants had to wait a long time to find out if they got in. I would say to interested parties, “Don’t be afraid, just go to our website and click the join button and see what happens.”


Might you tell us about some of ArtTable’s initiatives?  

First and foremost, we are a membership organization, so we have a really strong network of women. That’s one of the biggest pluses. It’s a national organization, so people can take advantage of that network when they travel. ArtTable also provides leadership opportunities within the membership—through its various committees, programs, and events.

In 2000, we launched our Diversity Fellowship Program, which was one of the first of its kind, before the Ford Foundation and others embarked on such programs. We’ve been helping diverse students intern at various cultural institutions under the aegis of our ArtTable members. We place a bunch of them each year and they also get the benefits of an ArtTable membership while they’re in their respective internships. It’s really a great program. We actually had drinks with our members last Friday on the Met rooftop and two of our fellows were able to come. People were just crowding around them trying to find out about their experiences.

We’ve also been doing career round tables. It’s all about different stages of women in the arts, different parts of their career, and helping them in each phase of that.


What do you see as the biggest challenges, not only for your organization but for women in the arts in general?

In terms of ArtTable, we want to see not only an increase in membership but also in diversity. We all have seen the reports and the lack of diversity in a lot of organizations, including ours. When I talk about diversity, I don’t just mean cultural, I mean age, I mean everything across the board.

I also think that we want to become more socially engaged as a way to balance what’s happening in the world right now. ArtTable does a lot of programming—perhaps three to five programs a month, whether that’s having an artist speak to members and guests or a panel discussion. We recently had a panel discussion at the New School with female museum directors and the challenges they face. I think going forward, we will be touching on more socially engaging topics, right? Not just visiting an artist’s studio, but maybe an artist who’s involved in some way politically—an activist artist. Having discussions with people who are using art not just as a form of expression, but as a messaging tool is important, particularly now.




Original article can be found here.